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2018年政府工作报告(9)

(四)坚决打好三大攻坚战。要围绕完成年度攻坚任务,明确各方责任,强化政策保障,把各项工作做实做好。
4. Fighting three critical battles
To fulfill our key annual tasks, we need to make everyone involved clear about their responsibilities, strengthen policy implementation, and ensure that every element of work is done to good, solid effect.
推动重大风险防范化解取得明显进展。当前我国经济金融风险总体可控,要标本兼治,有效消除风险隐患。严厉打击非法集资、金融诈骗等违法活动。加快市场化法治化债转股和企业兼并重组。加强金融机构风险内控。强化金融监管统筹协调,健全对影子银行、互联网金融、金融控股公司等监管,进一步完善金融监管。防范化解地方政府债务风险。严禁各类违法违规举债、担保等行为。省级政府对本辖区债务负总责,省级以下地方政府各负其责,积极稳妥处置存量债务。健全规范的地方政府举债融资机制。今年安排地方专项债券1.35万亿元,比去年增加5500亿元,优先支持在建项目平稳建设,合理扩大专项债券使用范围。我国经济基本面好,政策工具多,完全能够守住不发生系统性风险的底线。
First, we will strive for notable progress in forestalling and defusing major risks. At present, China’s economic and financial risks are on the whole manageable. What we need to do is to tackle both symptoms and root causes and take effective measures to defuse potential risks. There will be a serious crackdown on activities that violate the law like illegal fundraising and financial fraud. Debt-to-equity swaps and business acquisitions and reorganizations, conducted in a way consistent with market principles and the rule of law, will be accelerated. We will see that internal risk controls are tightened in financial institutions. We will strengthen coordination in financial regulation, improve regulation over shadow banking, internet finance, and financial holding companies, and further improve financial regulation. We will forestall and defuse local government debt risk. All forms of borrowing and debt underwriting that violate the law and regulations are strictly prohibited. Provincial-level governments should assume overall responsibility for debts incurred by local governments within their jurisdictions; governments below the provincial level should live up to their own responsibilities; and all must take active, prudent steps to deal with outstanding debt. We will improve the standard mechanisms for local governments to secure financing. This year, local government special bonds issued will total1.35 trillion yuan, an increase of 550 billion yuan year on year, to be used as a matter of priority for financing the smooth implementation of ongoing projects; and the scope of the use of special bonds will be appropriately expanded. The fundamentals of the Chinese economy remain sound, and we have many policy tools at our disposal. We are fully capable of forestalling systemic risks.
加大精准脱贫力度。今年再减少农村贫困人口1000万以上,完成易地扶贫搬迁280万人。深入推进产业、教育、健康、生态扶贫,补齐基础设施和公共服务短板,激发脱贫内生动力。强化对深度贫困地区支持,中央财政新增扶贫投入及有关转移支付向深度贫困地区倾斜。对老年人、残疾人、重病患者等特定贫困人口,因户因人落实保障措施。攻坚期内脱贫不脱政策,新产生的贫困人口和返贫人口要及时纳入帮扶。加强扶贫资金整合和绩效管理。开展扶贫领域腐败和作风问题专项治理,改进考核监督方式。坚持现行脱贫标准,确保进度和质量,让脱贫得到群众认可、经得起历史检验。
Second, we will step up targeted poverty alleviation. This year, we will further reduce the poor rural population by over 10 million, including 2.8 million people who are to be relocated from inhospitable areas. More will be done to alleviate poverty through the development of local industries, education, and healthcare, and through the development and conservation of local ecological resources. We will shore up weak links in infrastructure and public services, creating self-generated impetus to reduce poverty. We will do more to support areas affected by extreme poverty, and the central budget’s newly enlarged poverty reduction funds and related transfer payments will be weighted toward these areas. We will tailor measures to individuals and individual households to ensure that targeted poor populations, including elderly people, people with disabilities, and people with serious diseases, receive the assistance they need. Poverty relief policies will remain unchanged for those already lifted out of poverty while the battle goes on, and the newly poor and those who slip back into poverty will receive prompt support. Poverty alleviation funds will be better integrated and performance-based management will be strengthened. We will take targeted measures against corruption and misconduct in poverty alleviation, and improve the methods used in evaluation and oversight. We will continue to apply the current poverty alleviation standards and ensure that poverty reduction progresses as planned and meets all standards, so that our poverty alleviation work wins the approval of the people and stands the test of time.
推进污染防治取得更大成效。巩固蓝天保卫战成果,今年二氧化硫、氮氧化物排放量要下降3%,重点地区细颗粒物(PM2.5)浓度继续下降。推动钢铁等行业超低排放改造。提高污染排放标准,实行限期达标。开展柴油货车超标排放专项治理。深入推进水、土壤污染防治,今年化学需氧量、氨氮排放量要下降2%。实施重点流域和海域综合治理,全面整治黑臭水体。加大污水处理设施建设力度,完善收费政策。严禁“洋垃圾”入境。加强生态系统保护和修复,全面划定生态保护红线,完成造林1亿亩以上,耕地轮作休耕试点面积增加到3000万亩,扩大湿地保护和恢复范围,深化国家公园体制改革试点。严控填海造地。严格环境执法。我们要携手行动,建设天蓝、地绿、水清的美丽中国。
Third, we will work to make greater progress in addressing pollution. We will consolidate the gains made in the fight to defend the blue of our skies. This year, we will cut sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide emissions by 3 percent and achieve a continuous decline in PM2.5 density in key areas. We will encourage upgrading in the steel and other industries to achieve ultra-low emissions. We will raise standards on the emission of pollutants, and set deadlines for meeting required discharge standards. A special program will be launched to reduce exhaust emissions by diesel trucks that exceed standards. We will continue efforts to prevent and control water and soil pollution. This year, chemical oxygen demand and ammonia nitrogen emissions will be cut by 2 percent. Water environments in key river basins and sea areas will be improved through comprehensive measures, and thorough action will be taken to clean up black, malodorous water bodies. We will strengthen the development of sewage treatment facilities, and improve policy on charges for their services. We will completely prohibit garbage from being brought into China. We will redouble efforts to protect and restore ecosystems, and finish setting redlines for ecological conservation across the country. This year, more than 6.67 million hectares of land will be afforested, and crop rotation and fallow land trials will be increased to cover 2 million hectares of farmland. Wetland protection and restoration will be expanded and pilot reforms for the national parks system will be continued. We will impose strict control over coastal area reclamation. Environmental laws and regulations will be strictly enforced. We all need to join hands and take action to build a Beautiful China where the skies are blue, the land is green, and the waters are clear.
(五)大力实施乡村振兴战略。科学制定规划,健全城乡融合发展体制机制,依靠改革创新壮大乡村发展新动能。
5. Making strong moves in the rural revitalization strategy
Plans will be well designed and the institutions and mechanisms needed to achieve integrated urban-rural development will be improved. We will rely on reform and innovation to build powerful new growth drivers for rural development.
推进农业供给侧结构性改革。促进农林牧渔业和种业创新发展,加快建设现代农业产业园和特色农产品优势区,稳定和优化粮食生产。新增高标准农田8000万亩以上、高效节水灌溉面积2000万亩。培育新型经营主体,加强面向小农户的社会化服务。发展“互联网+农业”,多渠道增加农民收入,促进农村一二三产业融合发展。
We will advance supply-side structural reform in agriculture. We will promote innovative development in the farming, forestry, livestock, fishing, and seed industries, speed up work on developing modern agriculture industrial parks and areas producing local specialty agricultural products, and ensure stable and optimized grain output. We will increase the area of high-standard cropland by at least 5.33 million hectares, and expand the coverage of efficient water-saving irrigation by 1.33 million hectares. We will cultivate new types of agribusiness and improve commercial services catering to small agricultural households. We will develop the Internet Plus Agriculture model, use multiple channels to increase rural incomes, and encourage the primary, secondary, and tertiary industries to develop in an integrated way in rural areas.
全面深化农村改革。落实第二轮土地承包到期后再延长30年的政策。探索宅基地所有权、资格权、使用权分置改革。改进耕地占补平衡管理办法,建立新增耕地指标、城乡建设用地增减挂钩节余指标跨省域调剂机制,所得收益全部用于脱贫攻坚和支持乡村振兴。深化粮食收储、集体产权、集体林权、国有林区林场、农垦、供销社等改革,使农业农村充满生机活力。
We will deepen all rural reforms. We will implement the policy extending second round rural land contracts by another 30 years upon their expiration. We will experiment with separating the ownership rights, qualification rights, and use rights for rural land designated for housing. We will improve the measures on offsetting cultivated land used for other purposes, and establish a mechanism that allows the surplus quotas produced by linking newly-added cropland quotas with the amount of land used for construction to be adjusted inter-provincially. All profit therefrom will be used to fight poverty and support rural revitalization. We will deepen reforms related to grain purchasing and storage, collective property rights, collective forest tenure, state forestry areas and farms, state farms, and supply and marketing cooperatives, and see that agriculture and rural areas are full of life and dynamism.
推动农村各项事业全面发展。改善供水、供电、信息等基础设施,新建改建农村公路20万公里。稳步开展农村人居环境整治三年行动,推进“厕所革命”。促进农村移风易俗。健全自治、法治、德治相结合的乡村治理体系。我们要坚持走中国特色社会主义乡村振兴道路,加快实现农业农村现代化。
We will promote the full development of all programs in rural areas. We will improve the infrastructure for supplying water and power, for information, and so on, and build or upgrade 200,000 kilometers of rural roads. We will take steady steps in carrying out a three-year campaign to improve rural living environments, and continue the Toilet Revolution. We will encourage a shift away from outdated social practices. The rural governance model, based on self-governance, rule of law, and rule of virtue, will be improved. We will continue to pursue a Chinese path to socialist rural revitalization, and work faster to achieve agricultural and rural modernization.


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